Wednesday, June 17, 2009


Class IV Term 1
Social Studies

Lesson No. 1

Answer the following :

1) What are latitudes?
A) Latitudes are the imaginary lines that run parallel to the Equator from West to East.

2) What are longitudes?
A) Longitudes are the imaginary lines that run vertically on the Equator from North to South.

3) What are the differences between latitude and longitude?
1) These are horizontal lines that run parallel to the Equator from West to East.

2]They are 180 in number. They never meet.
3] Latitudes are labelled North and South respectively to the Equator.

1) These are vertical lines that run from North to South.

2) They are 360 meridians in all and converge at poles.

3) Longitudes are labelled East and West respectively of the Prime Meridian.

Answer the following :

4) What are co-ordinates?
A) The map of the Earth and the globe have small checks or squares on them created by the lines of latitudes and longitudes cutting each other. These are called grids. The grids are also called co-ordinates.

Day 8,9,10: Explanation:

Day 11: Questions and answers.

Answer the following :
4) Describe the continents of Asia and Africa.
1) Asia : Asia is the largest continent. It lies in the Northern Hemisphere. It is the most populated continent. The world’s two most populated countries, India and China are located in this continent.

2] Africa : Africa is the second largest continent. The Equator passes halfway
through this continent. Africa is spread over the Northern and Southern
Hemispheres. It is surrounded by oceans and seas on all sides. The world’s largest desert, the Sahara desert lies in this continent.

5) What are the differences between Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of
A) The Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn are the important lines of latitudes. The Tropic of Cancer is at 23½º north and the Tropic of Capricorn is at 23½º south of the Equator.

Day 12:

Answers for Reader Exercises :

1. The two ends of the Earth are called Poles.
2. Latitudes run from East to west.
3. Longitudes run from North to south.

L s. 2 - Rotation and Revolution

Day 1,2,3,4,5: Explanation:
Day 6:

Answer the following :
1) What causes day and night?
A) The rotation of the Earth causes day and night.

2) What is revolution of the Earth?
A) The Earth’s movement around the Sun along its orbit is called revolution.

3) What causes the formation of seasons?
A) The revolution of the Earth around the sun causes the formation of seasons.

4) Do the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere experience summer at the same time.
A) The seasons occur in opposite times of the year in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. This means, that when it is summer in the Northern Hemisphere, the Southern Hemisphere has winter and vice versa.

5) What is the difference between weather and climate?
A) Weather Climate .

1. It is the change in the 1. It is the change in the
atmospheric conditions atmospheric conditions for
for a short period of time. a longer period of time.

2. Weather of a place may 2. Climate of a place is the
change everyday. same for a longer period of time.

6) What is climate? How does it affect our daily lives?
A) The climate of a region is the average weather condition of an area over a period of time. It affects the food we eat, the clothes we wear and the things we do.

Ls.3 – Major Landforms of the World

Day 1:Explanation:


Answer the following : (Pg. 163)

1) What is a Block Mountain?
A) The surface of the Earth has cracks in some places. These cracks are called
faults. Sometimes, layers of rocks move vertically upward along these fault
lines due to pressure. These type of mountains are called Block Mountains.

Day 3:

Answer the following :

2) What is a valley?
A) A low lying area between two mountains is called a valley.

Day 4 :

Answer the following :

3) What is peninsula?
A) A peninsula is an extension of land surrounded by water on three sides.

4) What are plateaus?
A Plateaus are like tables rising steeply from the surrounding lowlands with an almost flat top.

5) What are islands?
A) An island is a piece of land surrounded by water on all sides.

Ls. 4 Rivers of India and The World

Day 1 :

Answer the following :

1) Describe how a river is formed.
A) The ice and snow of the mountains is called glacier. As the glacier moves down the slope of the mountain, it melts and forms water. This flowing water is called a river.

Day 2:

Answer the following :

2) Write 5 sentences on two famous rivers of the world.
a) The Nile : The Nile is the longest river in the world. It originates near the Equator and flows into the Mediterranean sea. It flows through Sudd, which is a vast swamp in southern Sudan. There the high temperatures cause about half of the Nile’s water to evaporate.

b) The Amazon : The Amazon river is the second longest river in the world. It has the largest number of tributaries. The Amazon and its tributaries flow through countries like Peru, Bolivia, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and Brazil before merging into the Atlantic Ocean.

Day 3:

Answer the following :

3) Describe 2 famous North Indian Rivers.
a) The Ganga : The most important river in India is the Ganga. It originates from the Gangotri glacier in Uttaranchal. It is also known as the Ganges. It flows through the plains of U. P., Bihar and West Bengal and merges into the Bay of Bengal. It has many tributaries, the largest being the Yamuna. The Hooghly river is an important arm of the Ganga.
b) The Yamuna : The second most important river in India is the Yamuna. It originates from the Yamunotri glacier in Uttaranchal. It flows through the state of Himachal Pradesh, along the boundary of Haryana and Uttar Pradesh and continues to flow till it merges with the Ganga river at Sangam or Prayag in Allahabad. Its major tributaries are the Chambal and Betwa rivers.

Day 4 :

Answer the following :

4) Describe the Narmada and the Tapi rivers.
A) The Narmada and the Tapi are the only major rivers that flow westwards into the Arabian sea. The Narmada rises in Madhya Pradesh and It flows into the Gulf of Khambhat (or Cambay). The shorter Tapi river follows a generally parallel course, between 80 kilometres and 160 kilometres to the south of Narmada.

5) Write short note on the river Krishna and the river Kaveri.
a) Krishna:- Its source is near Mahabaleswar in Maharashtra. The river flows through parts of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. It rises in the Western Ghats and flows east into the Bay of Bengal.
b) Kaveri:- Its source is in the state of Karnataka, and the river flows south east wards. It is one of the biggest rivers in South India. Kaveri flows through Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and merges into the Bay of Bengal.

Day 5:Explanation:

Day 6 :

Answers for the reader exercises :

Fill in the blanks :
1. The Nile rises at the Equator and flows into the Mediterranean sea.
2. Sometimes the river breaks into smaller rivers or streams called tributaries.
3. The Mesopotamian civilisation grew along on the banks of the Nile.
4. The Amazon and its tributaries merges into the Atlantic ocean.

Ls. 5 India and its Physical features

Day 1 :

Answer the following :

1) Name the 5 broad physical divisions that India can be divided into.
A) India is divided into five physical divisions They are:-
1] The Northern Mountains
2] The Northern Plains
3] The Peninsular Plateau
4] The Indian Desert
5] The Coastal Plains and Islands

Day 2,3: Explanation:
Day 4:

Answer the following :

2) Write the differences between the Northern Mountain and the Northern Plains.
The Northern Mountains

1) Rivers like Ganga, Brahmaputra etc., originate here.
2) Land is not fertile.
3) These are thinly populated.
4) The temperature is extremely cold here.
The Northern Plains

1) Rivers like Ganga, Yamuna etc., flow through these plains.
2) Land is very fertile.
3) These are densely populated.
4) The temperature is relatively moderate here.

3) Name 3 features of the Peninsular plateau.
a) Peninsular Plateau is made up of old hard rocks formed due to volcanic action.
b) It comprises of the Malwa Plateau, the Chota Nagpur Plateau and the Deccan Plateau.
c) Deccan Plateau is flat. It includes many ranges especially the Western and Eastern Ghats.

Day 5:
Answer the following :

4) What are the main occupations of the people in the desert and the coastal plains?
A) The population is mostly pastoral, leather and wool products are manufactured in the desert region. Agriculture is the main occupation of the people of coastal plains.

Day 6:
Answer the following :

5) Name the two main island groups off the coast of India.
A) The Andaman and Nicobar islands lie in the Bay of Bengal and the Lakshadweep island lie in the Arabian Sea.

6) Write the differences between the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the Lakshadweep Islands.
A) Andaman & Nicobar Islands Lakshadweep Islands

1) These islands lie in the Bay of Bengal.
2) It comprises of 204 Islands and Islets. The Nicobar islands, which are to the south of the Andaman islands, comprise of 19 islands.
1) These islands lie in the Arabian Sea.
2) The Union territory of Lakshadweep comprises from north to south-the Amindivi, Laccadive and Minicoy islands.

Day 7:
Answers for the reader exercises :

1. Jammu & Kashmir lies in the Outer or Southern Himalayas of India.
2. The tip of our country is Kanyakumari.
3. Delhi is the capital of our country.
4. The Southern mountains are also called the Shiwalik Hills in Uttaranchal and Himachal Pradesh.

* * *

Class IV Term II Social Studies

Lesson No. 1

Question and Answer :

1) How does water help us?
A) Water helps us in many ways –
a) We use water for drinking, cleaning, washing, cooking etc.
b) Water is also required for irrigation and generating electricity.

2) Why can’t we use seawater directly?
A) We can not use seawater directly, as it is very salty.

Day 2 :

Question and Answers :

1) Why are dams built?
A) Dams are built across a river to store the water so that it can be used for irrigation throughout the year and also to produce electricity.

2) How is the Damodar Valley Project important to Jharkhand?
A) Damodar Valley Project was built to
(a) control floods
(b) provide water for irrigation and
(c) generate electricity

Objective : Pg. 156
Name the following : Bit (a) Damodar Valley Corporation.

Day 3 :

Question and Answers :

1) Name some dams in Karnataka.
A) Some dams in Karnataka are
(1) The Tungabhadra Dam and
(2) Krishnarajasagara Dam

Objective : Reader Pg. 156
Name the following : Bit (b) Hirakud Dam Project.

Day 4 :

Question and Answers :

1) Name the dam in Tamil Nadu
A) The Mettur dam is built on the Kaveri river in Tamil Nadu.

Objectives : pg. 156
Name the following :
Bits (c) - Nagarjuna Sagar Dam
(d) - Nagarjuna Sagar Dam
(e) – Mettur Dam

Day 5 :

Match the following : Pg 157 in reader
Answers : c, d, a, e, b.


Day: 1
New words :

1) natural resources
2) wide – range – many varieties
3) Alluvial deposits – soil deposit formed by rain water
4) yields – bears
5) harvest – season of ripened crops
6) Gangetic plain
7) Deccan plateau
8) sorghum

Question and Answer :

1) Why is India called an agricultural country?
A) India is called an agricultural country because about two – third’s of its population earns its living through agriculture.

Objectives: Name the following – Pg. 163.
Bits (a) – Gangetic plains
(b) – Deccan Plateau

Day 2:

New words:
1) processed – prepare by a special process
2) products – things produced (made)
3) industry – manufacturer of goods
4) betel leaves
5) coriander
6) barley
7) spices

Questions and Answers: NIL


True or False:
1) Sugar cane is the second most important cash crop – (True)
2) Coconut is sold to sugar industry – (False)

Day 3 :

New words :

1) staple – Food that is eaten every day
2) Punjab
3) Haryana
4) Gujarat
5) Uttar Pradesh
6) granary – house for storing grains.

Question and Answer :

1) Name some important food crops. Mention the states they are grown in.
A) Some important food crops are :
(a) Rice – grown in Gangetic plains and in South India.
(b) Wheat – grown in Punjab, Haryana, Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh.
(c) Millet – grown in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.
(d) Pulses – grown in Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, Orissa and Uttar Pradesh.

Objectives : Pg. 163
Name the following :
Bits (c) – cash crops
(d) – Punjab

True or False :
a) Wheat is grown in South India – (False)
b) Rice is grown twice a year – (True)

Day 4 :

New words :
1) seasonal – in a particular season
2) cultivated – digging the soil to grow crops
3) moisture
4) Madhya Pradesh
5) Karnataka
6) Chhattisgarh
7) temperatures

Question and answers : NIL

Objectives :
Choose the correct answer :

1) Ragi, jowar, bajra are some types of - (b)
(a) pulses (b) millets [c] spices

2) Cotton is an important - (a)
(a) cash crop (b) food crop [c] none

3) Sugarcane is grown in areas that have _________ temperature. (b)
(a) low (b) high [c] moderate

Day 5 :

New Words :
1) beverage – a drink (but not water)
2) spun – woven (spin)
3) materials – things
4) decorative
5) cardamom
6) Darjiling
7) fragments – broken pieces
8) aluminium
9) organic matter – Decay of plants and animals.

Question and Answer :
1) Name the states that grow tea and coffee.
Ans. (a) Tea is grown in slopes of Assam, Darjiling and the Nilgiris.
(b) Coffee is grown in Karnataka and Kerala.
Objectives : True or False :

a) Coffee is a cash crop – (True)
b) Salt is a spice – (False)
Day 6 :
New words :

1) mill – place where grain is ground into flour
2) sesame
3) revolution – a complete change
4) tremendous – very large or great
5) technology
6) awareness – realising
7) emphasised – stress on

Questions and Answers :
1) Name some oilseeds grown in India. Name the states they are grow in.
A) Some oilseeds grown in India are :
a) Sesame, groundnut and sunflower are produced in Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh.
b) Coconut is cultivated in Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

2) What is the Green Revolution? How did it help India?
A) Green Revolution was started in 1960, to bring awareness among farmers in India which made them use better technology to increase production.It helped India in increasing its agricultural production.

Objectives : pg. 163

Name the following : Bit – (d) Rice bowl.

Choose the correct answer ;

1) Sesame oil is also called - (a)
(a) gingely oil (b) coconut oil [c] sunflower oil

2) Green Revolution was started in - (b)
(a) 1970 (b) 1960 [c] 1980

Match the following : In reader pg. 163.
Answers : c, e, a, b, d


Day 1 :

New words :

1) substances
2) manganese
3) bauxite
4) judiciously – characterized by sound judgement
5) industrial
6) development – process of growing

Questions and Answers :

1) What are minerals?
A) Minerals are natural substances found in the soil. Ex. coal, gold, diamonds etc.

2) Why are minerals important?
A) Minerals are important for a country’s economic development. They provide the necessary materials for industrial development.

Objectives : Pg. 169

Name the following : Bit (a) – Minerals.

Day – 2 :
Question and Answer :

1) Name the two types of minerals. Give three examples of each.
A) Minerals are of two types.
a) Metals – Ex. Iron, Copper, Bauxite
b) Non-Metals – Ex. Petroleum, Coal, Mica.

Objectives : Pg. 169

Name the following : Bit (b) – Iron.

True or False :
1) Iron is a non-metal – False
2) Copper is mixed with gold – True

Day – 3 :

New words :
1) aluminium
2) bauxite
3) Jharkhand
4) manganese
5) Chhattisgarh

Question and Answer :

1) What is aluminium used for?
A) Aluminium is used for making the outer bodies of vehicles like aeroplanes, train coaches, buses and trucks.

Objectives : pg. 170.

Name the following : Bit (e) Bauxite.

Choose the correct answer :

1) Manganese is mixed with iron to make - (b)
(a) copper (b) steel [c] aluminium

2) ___________ is used to make paints. (a)
(a) Bauxite (b) Iron [c] copper

Day – 4 :

New words :
1) millions
2) processes
3) thermal – generating heat
4) Jharkhand
5) petroleum
6) decayed – decompose
7) fossil – remains of animals or plants preserved in rock.

Question and Answer :

1) Name two fossil fuels. Why are they important?
A) The two fossil fuels are :
a) Coal – It is used to generate thermal power.
b) Petroleum – It is used for making petrol and other chemical products.

Objective : Pg. 169

Name the following : Bit (c) – coal.

Choose the correct answer :

1) ____________ is called Black Gold. (b)
(a) Petroleum (b) Coal [c] Diesel

2) India’s famous petroleum reserve is called - (b)
(a) Delhi High (b) Bombay High [c] Chennai High

Day – 5 :

New words :
1) off shore
2) reserve – something kept aside for future.
3) glassy
4) withstand – bear
5) temperatures
6) equipments – machines or tools

Questions and Answers : Nil

Objectives :Pg. 170

Name the following : Bit (d) – Mica

True or False :

a) Mica can withstand high temperatures – True.
b) Natural gas is usually found along with petroleum – True.

Day – 6 :

Match the following : Pg. 170
Answers : b, e, d, c, a


New words :

1) finished goods
2) raw materials
3) industries – place where goods are manufactured
4) factories
5) quantities – amount

Question and Answer :

1) What is an industry?
A) An industry is a place where raw material is transformed into finished product.

Objectives :

Choose the correct answer :

1) _________ is a finished products. (a)
(a) Paper (b) Fibre [c] Cotton

Day – 2 :

New words :
1) large – Scale Industry
2) cottage Industry
3) automobile – motor car
4) employ – give work
5) utensils – vessels made of metal
6) handicrafts

Question and Answer :

1) What kind of industries do we find in India?
A) In India, we find three kinds of industries : They are
a) Large – Scale Industries
b) Small – Scale Industries and
c) Cottage Industries

Objectives : Pgs. 174

Fill in the blanks : Bit (e) – natural.

True or False :

1) Large machines are used in cottage industries – False.
2) Iron and Steel industries are large – scale industries – True.
3) Furniture making is a cottage industry – False.

Day – 3 :

New words :

1] dolomite
1) chromium
2) Coimbatore
3) Manchester

Question and Answer :

1) Why is the Textile Industry important?
A) Textile Industry is important because we can produce clothes from the available raw-materials. It can be started with a little investment. Ex. Handloom industry.

Objectives : Pg. 174.

Fill in the blanks :
Bits (c) – Wool
(d) – Coimbatore

Day – 4 :

New words :
1) cheapest
2) decorative
3) purified
4) Maharashtra

Question and Answer :

1) Describe the sugar industry.
A) a) In sugar industry, sugar cane juice is purified and processed into sugar.
b) Sugar mills are seasonal mills.
c) India is one of the largest producers of sugar-cane.

Objectives : Pg. 174.

Fill in the blanks : Bit (a) – Uttar Pradesh

True or False :
1) Uttar Pradesh is the leading producer of sugar-cane in India. – True
2) Jute is used in the fashion industry. – True.

Day – 5 :

New words :

1) limestone
2) gypsum – a metal
3) construction
4) Chennai
5) Visakhapatnam

Question and Answer :

1) Write five sentences on the cement industry.
A) (a) Clay, Limestone and Gypsum are used for making cement.
(b) Cement is used in the construction of buildings.
(c) There are a large number of cement industries in our country.

Objectives : pg. 174.

Fill in the blanks : Bit (b) – limestone and gypsum.

Choose the correct answer:

1) IT industries are linked with - (b)
(a) automobile (b) Computers [c] Iron and Steel

2) _________ is used to make gunny bags and twine. (a)
(a) Jute (b) Cotton [c] Coconut

Day – 6 :

Match the following : pg. 175
Answers : d, e, a, c, b.

* * *

Class:IV Term – III Sub: S. Studies
Lesson – 1. People we admire
New words: -
1. meditation 2. enlightenment 3. disciples 4. Nirvana
New names to remember: -
1. Gautama Buddha 3. Bodh Gaya 5. Eightfold Path 7. Hinayana 2. Buddhism 4. Bodhi tree 6. Sarnath 8. Mahayana
Question and answers: -
Q1. What are the Four Noble Truths?
Ans. The Four Noble Truths are:
1. Suffering is universal – this means that life is filled with suffering for all beings.
2. The causes of suffering are attachment and desire.
3. It is possible to end suffering.
4. The path that can end suffering is the Eightfold Path.

Q2. What does the Eightfold Path consist of?
Ans. The Eightfold path consists of
1. Right understanding 2. Right thought
3. Right speech 4. Right action
5. Right livelihood 6. Right effort
7. Right mindfulness 8. Right concentration.
New words: -
1. Spiritual studies 2. Illegal 3. Governor General

New names to remember: -
1. Raja Ram Mohan Roy 4. Sir William Bentinck
2. Vedanta College 5. Brahmo Samaj
3. Sati
Question and answers: -
Q3. What are the principles that followers of the Brahmo Samaj believe in?
Ans. Brahmo Samaj believes in one God. It does not believe in idol worship and animal sacrifice.

New names to remember: -
1. Rama Krishna Paramahansa 3. Belur Math
2. Narendranath Datta 4. World Parliament of Religions

Q4. How did Vivekananda help to spread awareness about Hinduism?
Ans. Swami Vivekananda established the Vedanta Society in New York city in 1895, to create awareness about Hinduism.
Q5. How did Sir C.V. Raman help young scientists?
Ans. Sir C.V. Raman founded the Indian Academy of Sciences in 1934, in order to help young scientists who did not have proper facilities for scientific research.

New names:
1. Albania 3. Nirmal Hriday 5. Bharath Ratna
2. Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu 4. Shishu Bhavan 6. Magsaysay Foundation Award
Answer the following: -
Q6. Describe few sentences about Mother Teresa.
Ans. 1. Mother Teresa began working for the welfare of the poor people of
2. She set up ‘The Missionaries of Charity.’
3. She founded Nirmal Hriday for the poor and dying people.
4. She founded Shishu Bhavan for orphaned children.
5. She was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979 and Bharat Ratna in
6. She was awarded the Magsaysay Foundation Award for social service.
Match the following: -
1. Siddhartha Religious and social reformer ( 4 )
2. Shakyamuni Disciple of Rama Krishna Paramahansa ( 5 ) 3. Sir William Bentinck Nobel Prize in Physics ( 6 )
4. Raja Ram Mohan Roy Mother Teresa ( 7 )
5. Swami Vivekananda Buddhism ( 9 )
6. Sir C.V. Raman in Kali Temple ( 8 )
7. Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu Governor General ( 3 ) 8. Nirmal Hriday Buddha ( 2 )
9. Hinayana and Mahayana Swami Vivekananda ( 10 )
10. Narendranath Dutta Gautama Buddha ( 1 )

Fill in the blanks:-
1. Gautama Buddha was born in Lumbini around 624 B.C.
2. Raja Ram Mohan Roy took the help of Sir William Bentinck to have the practice of Sati declared illegal.
3. Swami Vivekananda set up the Rama Krishna Mission in Kolkata.
4. Sir. C.V. Raman’s discovery on light is known as the Raman Effect.
5. Mother Teresa was deeply touched by the plight of the poor people in Kolkata and decided to work for their welfare.
Text book exercises: -
True or False: - [To be written by children once the lesson is completed]
a. Mother Teresa founded Nirmal Hriday for orphaned children. [False]
b. Raja Ram Mohan Roy helped in getting sati abolished. [True]
c. Vivekananda was born in Kolkata in 1863. [True]
d. Vivekananda established the Rama Krishna Mission in Kolkata. [True]
e. Sir. C.V. Raman was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1930. [True]
* Mahakavi Subramania Bharathiar – deleted.

2. Working of the Indian Government

New words: -
1. Union Government 5. Judiciary
2. Legislature 6. Parliamentary Democracy
3. constituencies 7. Rajya Sabha
4. Executive 8. Lok Sabha
Answer the following: -
Q1. What are the three branches of the Central Government?
Ans. The three branches of the Central Government are: -
1. The Legislature,
2. The Executive and
3. The Judiciary.

Q2. What is the structure of the Legislature of the Central Government?
Ans. Parliament is the Legislature of Central Government. It has two houses.
1. The Lok Sabha or the Lower House.
2. The Rajya Sabha or the Upper House.

New words: -
1. Council of Ministers 3. Constitution
2. guardian 4. Defence
Answer the following: -
Q3. Who makes up the Executive at the centre?
Ans. The Executive is made up of the President, the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers.

Q4. Write three lines on the Indian Judiciary.
Ans. The Judiciary is the guardian of the Constitution. It protects the rights of the people. It also settles disputes between the Central and the State governments.

New words: -
1. Vidhan Sabha 2. Vidhan Parishad 3. Advocate General

Q5. What are the five powers of the State Executive?
Ans. The five powers of the State Executive are:
1. Executive powers,
2. Legislative powers,
3. Financial powers,
4. Judicial powers and
5. Emergency powers.

Q6. Who presents the State Budget in the Legislative Assembly?
Ans. The Finance Minister, on behalf of the Governor, presents the State Budget in the State Assembly.

Q7. Describe any three powers of Governor.
[1] The Governor appoints the elected Chief Minister and other Ministers of the State.
[2] He also appoints the Advocate General.
[3] The Governor can grant pardon to the convicted prisoners.

1. Name of the following: -
a. Rajya Sabha
b. Legislative Council or Vidhan Parishad.
c. Lok Sabha
d. Constituencies
e. The President
f. five years.
g. Supreme Court
h. Governor
i. Financial Minister
j. Lok Sabha

2. Fill in the blanks: -
a. Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
b. Chief Justice
c. five
d. dissolve
e. General Budget and the Railway Budget.

3. Local Government Organisations in India
New words: -
1. Civic amenities 3. Municipal Corporation 5. Sarpanch
2. Gram Panchayat 4. Municipal Council

Answer the following question: -
Q1. What are the functions of the Gram Panchayat?
Ans. The main functions of the Gram Panchayat are to,
a) Provide clean drinking water and education to children and adults.
b)Keep village and its surroundings clean and ensure that garbage is disposed properly.
c) Maintain roads and street lights.
d) Run healthcare centres etc…

New words: -
1. Chairman 3. Councillor
2. Mayor 4. Corporator

1. Match the following: -

a. Municipal Corporation – large towns and Cities.
b. Gram Panchayats – Villages.
c. Head of Gram Panchayat – Sarpanch
d. Member of Municipal Corporation – Councillor.

2. Fill in the blanks: -
a. five
b. disposed
c. drinking
d. ward
e. Councillor or Corporator

Answer the following questions: -

Q2. Name the local government organisations in large towns and cities.
Ans. The local government organisations in large towns and cities are called as Municipal Corporations.

Q3. Describe three functions of the Municipal Corporation.
Ans. The three major functions of the Municipal Corporation are
a) Providing clean drinking water and maintaining cleanliness.
b) Providing maternity centres and old age homes.
c) Setting of community centres and providing health care facilities.

Q4. What is the importance of Local government organisations?
Ans. Local government organisations provide civic amenities such as drinking water, good roads, schools, hospitals and electricity in villages, towns and cities.

Q5. How do Local government organisations fund their activities?
Ans. Gram Panchayat usually receives money from taxes, tolls and government grants. Municipal Corporation and Municipal Council receive funds from State Government and also collect taxes.

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